What is gum disease?
Gum disease is a common periodontal condition that results in gum inflammation, and in the worst cases may lead to the need for tooth removal. There are three stages of gum disease.
- Gingivitis: Gums swell up due to a buildup of plaque, bacteria that forms a sticky white layer on the lining of the gums and teeth. Bleeding during brushing and flossing may occur, but the damage can be repaired in this stage by regular and proper oral hygiene.
- Periodontitis: The bones and fibres supporting your teeth are damaged, and periodontal pockets may form between teeth. Professional dental treatment is recommended at this stage.
- The third and final stage is the worsening of periodontitis, by which the bones and fibres supporting your teeth are destroyed, which may position your teeth wrongly, loosen them, and may lead to multiple extractions
What is deep cleaning?
Deep cleaning is a specific procedure that is done to treat gum disease and other periodontal conditions. It can be divided into two stages: scaling and root planing. Scaling is the identification and subsequent removal of tartar and plaque on your teeth and in periodontal pockets under the gums when the pockets are over 3mm in depth. Root planing is the removal of plaque and tartar from the roots of your teeth.
A deep clean involves removing plaque and tartar from under your gums, and cleans tiny periodontal pockets between the teeth and gums where bacteria lies. A regular clean only cleans the tooth and the lining of the gums and teeth.